The Genesis To Revelation Bible Course
By WILLIAM M. GROOM, Th.M., D.D.
Lesson No. 36 – Zechariah
Copyright, 1921 BY THE BIBLE STUDY PUBLISHING CO.
* KEYWORD–“TEMPLE AND KINGDOM.”
* KEY VERSE–Zec 14:9.
* KEY PHRASE–“ENCOURAGEMENT IN VIEW OF FUTURE GLORY.”
This book, especially as paragraphed in the Scofield Bible, is extremely interesting and helpful. For family altar read:
* Sunday–A call to listen to God,–Zec 1:1-6.
* Monday–The Lord shall yet comfort Zion,–Zec 1:7-17.
* Tuesday–Jerusalem in the kingdom age,–Zec 2:4-13.
* Wednesday–The priest cleansed and crowned,–Zec 3:1-7.
* Thursday–Cure of the thief and liar,–Zec 6:1-4.
* Friday–Jerusalem yet to be the religious center of the world,–Zec 8:20-23.
* Saturday–The return of the Lord in glory,–Zec 14:4-9.
Writer–Zechariah, like Haggai, with whom he labored, was born in Babylon and returned with the captives. He was likely both priest and prophet, and began to preach as a young matt. Uninspired records say that he died a martyr.
DATE–520-518 B. C.
TIMES OF THE PROPHET–The Jews back from exile had given up hope of rebuilding the temple, when under the preaching of Haggai, two months before that of Zechariah, a splendid start was made. It was left for Zechariah to bring the task to completion.
PURPOSE–To assure those who had returned from captivity, that, although the Promises that their glory should be restored, had not been fulfilled, yet they would be in the Messianic age.
Great Fact I. Vision Intended to Encourage the People
Zec 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; Zec 6.
After a call to the people to turn from their evil ways and hearken unto the Lord the prophet then tells of eight symbolical visions which he had, and which were intended to encourage the Jews in rebuilding the temple.
1. The horsemen among the myrtle trees. Zec 1:7-17. This vision reveals Israel in dispersion, Jerusalem under foreign rule, but the nations apparently prosperous and at ease. The Lord points the people to a time when He shall yet comfort Zion.
2. The four horns and four smiths, Zec 1:18-21. A horn is a symbol for a Gentile king so this is a vision of the four world empires: Babylon, Media-Persia, Greece and Rome, as in Daniel 2:37-44. These nations oppressed Israel, but they shall be destroyed.
3. The measuring line, Zec 2. This teaches that God will re-people, protect and dwell in Jerusalem as soon as the sacred house of worship has been built. The city itself shall expand until it becomes as great metropolis without walls, for the Lord shall be as a wall of fire round about it. The promise will be truly realized in the Kingdom age.
4. Joshua, the High Priest and Satan. Joshua clothed in filthy garments and bearing the sins of both himself and the people. is accused by Satan, as was Job, but he, being a type of Christ, is cleansed, clothed and crowned.
5. The golden candlesticks, Zec 4. With the candlesticks were seven lamps, and two olive trees were emptying their oil into them. Throughout the scriptures, oil is used to represent the Holy Spirit. The teaching is, that just as the oil “was not supplied by human hands,” so it will “not be by might, nor by power, but by my Spirit,” that the House shall be built and supplied with spiritual life.
6. and 7. The flying roll and the woman in the ephah, or seven-gallon measure. This teaches that when the temple is rebuilt and God’s law is taught, that wickedness in commerce, typified by a woman in a measure, shall be carried back to Babylon, the proper home of all that is wicked.
1. Four war chariots. According to Zec 6:5 these are angels who have a mission of judgement. The future fulfilment of this as seen in Re 7:1-3 will be in the period of the Great Tribulation.
These eight visions are followed by a symbolic act. Certain exiles had come from Babylon and brought with them gold and silver as gifts to the temple. The prophet is to take this gold and silver to make a crown for the High Priest Joshua, and show that he was a type of Christ who would be the spiritual king of the world and the glory of the temple.
LESSON–Pilate fulfilled the words of 6:13 when he led Christ before the frenzied multitude and cried, “Behold the man.” If the Jews had known their Bibles, they would have been struck with the fulfilment of scripture and would have gladly and not rejected Christ. Then they pressed a crown of thorns upon His unresisting brow. But when again the cry shall go forth, “Behold the man!” there will be another and more glorious temple in Jerusalem, and the long exiled nation will bring its silver, its gold, and all its glory and lay it at the feet of their King. Let us pray with new meaning “Thy kingdom come!”
Great Fact II. Obedience is Better than Fasting
Zec 7; 8.
In this section, we have the prophet’s answer to the committee which came from Bethel to ask if the national fasts should be kept. The Jews had been used to fasting on the anniversaries of four great events in their history:–
1. Day when the siege of Jerusalem had been begun.
2. The day when Jerusalem was captured.
3. The day when the temple was burned.
4. The day when Gedaliah (the good governor of the poor Jews left in the land when the people were taken off to Babylon) was murdered.
Zechariah’s answer to the questions was four-fold:–
1. Fasting affects only yourselves. God requires obedience, Zechariah 7:4-7.
2. Learn a lesson from your fathers, they fasted but forsook justice and mercy, and God punished them, Zec 7:8-14.
3. The Lord has returned to Jerusalem, and it shall be a city of truth and holiness. Israel bad been a curse among nations, but they shall now be a blessing, Zec 8:1-7.
4. Therefore their fasts shall be changed into cheerful feasts of joy and gladness, and many peoples shall seek the Lord in Jerusalem, Zec 8:18-23. This will be fulfilled in the day of Israel’s glory, when the Jews converted and filled with Spirit, will be the means of the conversion of the nations.
LESSON–Fasting is valuable only as an outward sign of repentance and confession of sin. Merely refraining from food will not bring the blessing. Along with It must be a humble and contrite heart. Any observance, however, is good that gives us room to deny ourselves and provides a path to bring us daily nearer God.
Great Fact III. The Messiah in Rejection but afterwards in Power
Zec 9; 10; 11; 12; 13; Zec 14.
This section contains promises of a return from exile, a land in which to dwell, victory over hostile world powers, temporal blessings and national strength. In Zec 11; the prophet as a shepherd seeks to save Israel but is rejected, and sold for the price of a slave, thirty pieces of silver, foreshadowing that Christ should also be rejected and betrayed for such a sum. In the Zec 12; we have a prophecy of the siege of Jerusalem by the anti-Christ and his armies, in the last days. The repentance of the Jews, Zec 12:12, and the fountain opened to them, Zec 13:1. The Lord’s return upon Mt. Olive, which shall be cleft asunder by an earthquake, Zec 14:4. The Lord shall be king over all the earth, and all things, and all people shall be holy unto the Lord, Zec 14:9-20.
LESSON–The power of the world has shifted from many things and will continue to shift until it is in the hands of Christ. The Jew proudly smiled and thought it all resided in the temple, The Greeks pointed to their learning and art and thought it the mightiest force in the world. The Romans said it rested in their splendid laws and armies. But the Jews, the Greeks and the Romans with all their ancient glories have gone down, and the once rejected and crucified Christ will yet reign in everlasting glory and power. A Scottish king said to his soldiers, “When you loose sight of your colours rally to my white plume. You will always find it on the way to victory!” Let us lift up, again and again, our hearts and hopes to the King of Glory!
Questions on the Lesson
1. Tell what you know about Zechariah.
2. Give date and place of his labours.
3. Tell of the times of the prophet.
4. What the purpose of the book?
5. Give keyword and key verse.
6. Name the great facts.
7. How much of the book have you read?
8. How many visions of the prophet and what their purpose?
9. What does the first vision reveal?
10. What the second?
11. What the third?
12. What the fourth?
13. What the fifth?
14. What the sixth and seventh?
15. What the eighth?
16. What did the crowning of Joshua, represent?
17. Tell of the fulfillment of Zec 6:12.
18. When will the fulfilment be?
19. Tell of the four great Jewish fasts.
20. Give the prophet’s four answers to the question.
21. Of what value is fasting?
22. What promises are contained in the last section?
23. How did the prophet foreshadow Christ’s rejection?
24. Show how power will continue to shift until it is all in the hands of Christ.
Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord. Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof. Neither yield ye your members as instruments of unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness unto God. — Romans 6:11-13 KJV