The Genesis To Revelation Bible Course
By WILLIAM M. GROOM, Th.M., D.D.
Lesson No. 38 – Old Testament
Copyright, 1921 BY THE BIBLE STUDY PUBLISHING CO.
* KEY PHRASE–“PREPARATION FOR CHRIST.”
* KEY VERSE–Ga 3:24.
The Old Testament is directly declared to be the Word of God. In it, we get no less than 1,904 expressions like “Thus saith. the Lord,” “God spoke,” “God said.” Read something of each period.
* Sunday–Summary of Creation,–Ge 2:1-9.
* Monday–Abraham Made Father of Chosen People,–Ge 17:1-8.
* Tuesday–Conquest of Canaan,–Jos 1:10-18.
* Wednesday–United Kingdom Set Up,–1Sa 10:17-26.
* Thursday–Beginning of the Divided Kingdom,–1Ki 12:16-24.
* Friday–Jews Carried Away Into Captivity,–2Ki 25:1-11.
* Saturday–A Remnant of Jews Return,–Ezr 1.
NAME–The Old Testament is God’s record of the creation of man; of His covenant to save him, and of the religious preparations He gave the world for the coming of Christ.
BOOKS--There are 39 books in the Old Testament written by about 30 inspired writers, from the book of Job, probably written by Moses 1520 B. C., to the book Malachi, written about 420 B. C., a period of 1,100 years. The 39 books comprise five of law, Gen. to Dent.; twelve of history, Joshua to Esther; five of poetry, Job to Song of Solomon; seventeen prophecies and sermons on the religious conditions of the times, Isaiah to Malachi.
UNITY OF BOOKS–Dr. G. Campbell Morgan said, “It was out of a .deep sense of perplexity that I turned from books about the Bible to the Bible itself. The result was a discovery of unity which to me is the final proof of its divinity. Beginning with the Old Testament and moving systematically forward I saw that each book demanded another and that when Malachi was reached the whole collection demanded more. In other words, I found that step by step I had proceeded through history and through teaching, all of which pointed to a Coming One. Then turning to the New Testament, I found the answer to all expectations created in reading the Old!”
GREAT PERIODS OF OLD TESTAMENT:–
4. Bondage and Exodus.
6. United Kingdom.
7. Divided Kingdom.
Great Facts I. Creation to Flood, 4004-2349 B. C.–1,655 Years
Ge 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; Ge 7; 8.
1. Creation. God created the heavens and earth and created a man in innocence. He placed him in perfect surroundings, subjected him to a simple test, having, first warned him against disobedience.
2. Fall. Satan, acting through a serpent, caused the man to doubt and disobey God. This led to his fall from innocence, and from communion with God, and to his expulsion from Eden.
3. Covenant. God made a covenant with man to provide a Saviour from sin and instituted sacrifices to teach that without the shedding of blood there could be no remission of sin.
4. After 1,655 years, because of man’s exceeding wickedness, God sent a flood upon all the earth and destroyed all men except Noah and his family.
Great Facts II. Re-peopling the Earth, 2349-1996 B. C., 353 Years
Ge 9; 10; 11.
Noah was the head of a new race, which at first failed to spread over the earth. God, therefore, confused the tongues of the people, and as each tribe spoke only its own language, it gave rise to the beginning of nations. Noah’s son Japheth became the father of the Gentile race, Ham of the black, and Shem of the Israelitish and yellow races.
Great Facts III. Times of the Patriarchs, 1996-1635 B. C. 361 Years
Ge 12; 13; 14; 15; 16; 17; Ge 18; Ge 19; 20; 21; 22; 23; 24; Ge 25; Ge 26; 27; 28; 29; 30; 31; Ge 32; Ge 33; 34; 35; 36; 37; 38; Ge 39; Ge 40; 41; 42; 43; 44; 45; Ge 46; Ge 47; 48; 49; 50.
The race has given itself over to idolatry. God called out Abraham to witness for Him and live a life of faith. By covenant and promise, God bound Abraham and his seed to Himself. Abraham’s faith is seen, in that he was willing to offer up his only son. Isaac is noted for being willing to fulfill his father’s will Jacob had his name changed to Israel for his faith and power in prayer. Joseph when down in Egypt, became the savior of all Abraham’s children.
Great Facts IV. Egyptian Bondage and the Exodus 1635-1490 B. C., 145 Years
Books of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy.
After the death of Joseph in Egypt, a new king arose who oppressed the Israelites. God raised up Moses as a deliverer, and he, after bringing ten plagues upon Pharaoh for not letting Israel go, then set up the Passover feast, led the Israelites through the Red Sea and brought them to Mt. Sinai. Here God gave them the Moral Law in the Ten Commandments, and the Ceremonial Law in the Sacrifices and Feasts, and Civil Laws which were to be the basis of their social life. A tabernacle was set up and became the centre of worship for 400 years. A priesthood was established with Aaron as first High Priest. After 40 years of wandering in the wilderness Moses gave a Review of the Law as recorded in Deuteronomy, called Joshua to be his successor, and then fell asleep in the Everlasting Arms.
Great Facts V. Conquest of Canaan and the Judges of Israel, 1490-1100 B. C., 390 Years.
Books of Joshua, Judges, and Ruth.
Joshua led Israel dry-shod through the River Jordan, and after several battles, in divine might, overcame the tribes of the land, and divided it among the twelve tribes of Israel. Upon the death of Joshua, God raised up at different times 16 Judges to be their rulers and military leaders. This period has been called the Dark Ages of Israel because of their misfortunes through backsliding. At this time, Ruth, a woman of Moab, became an ancestress of the Messiah.
Great Facts VI. The United Kingdom, 1100-977 B. C. 123 Years
Book of 1 & 2 Samuel, 1 Kings, 1 & 2 Chronicles.
Upon the insistent appeal of the people, Samuel set up a monarchy and appointed Saul to be king. Saul, David, and Solomon were the kings of this period and each reigned about 40 years.
This is the golden age of Israel’s history, when the kingdom grew to its largest extent when commercial relations were established with all parts of the world, when literature, science, and art, including music, made a great advance. The schools of the prophets were set up by Samuel, and a glorious temple built by Solomon. The Psalms of David were a great blessing to this age.
Great Facts VII. The Divided Kingdom, 977-587 B. C. 390 Years.
Books of 2 Kings and 2 Chronicles.
Rehoboam threatened to make the burdens of the people heavier, so the ten northern tribes revolted and formed the kingdom of Israel, while the two southern tribes were known as the kingdom of Judah. Israel had 19 kings from Jeroboam to Hosea, 977-724 B. C., and then because of their idolatry they were carried into captivity by Shalmaneser, king of Assyria, and never did return. The prophets of Israel were Elijah, Elisha, Jonah, Amos, and Hosea.
Judah was more loyal to God, and so kept its national life 136 years longer, yet it too frequently turned away from Jehovah, and it was taken away to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar, 558 B. C. The prophets of Judah were Isaiah, Jeremiah. Joel, Obadiah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zechariah.
Great Facts VIII. The Babylon Captivity, 587-536 B. C., 51 Years
The seventy years captivity is counted from the time that the king of Babylon first captured Jerusalem, 606 B. C., and some, including Daniel, were carried away. It was 19 years later, however, that Jerusalem was destroyed, and their national life ceased. The temple, which had been their glory, was burned, and the people marched off to serve foreign masters. The prophets of the captivity were Daniel and Ezekiel.
Great Facts IX. The Restoration, 536-391 B. C., 145 Years
Books of Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther.
The Jews were in exile and Jerusalem was in ruins but after the 70 years of discipline were over, God influenced Cyrus, king of Persia, to allow the Jews to return, (The Persians had conquered and possessed Babylon.)
Zerubbabel led 50,000 back and rebuilt the temple. Ezra returned with 6,0’00, prevailed upon the Jews to put away their idolatrous wives, restored the Law, and edited and published the Old Testament. Thirteen years later when Nehemiah returned he built up the walls of Jerusalem which assured some security for national life again.
The prophets of the period were Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi.
The Bible story and message is like a picture wrought out in mosaics; each great fact has an important place, and we cannot understand the chapters and verses unless we have a general knowledge of the Bible as a whole, therefore read this lesson as often as possible, and keep its nine great divisions clearly in mind.
In the Old Testament God is teaching the people their letters, in the New Testament He is teaching them to put these letters together and arrange them as we will, they spell Christ and nothing but Christ!
Questions on the Lesson
1. Give the key phrase and key verse.
2. Show that the O. T. is declared to be the Word of God.
3. Of what is the Old Testament a record?
4. How many books and writers of the Old Testament?
5. What do the 39 books comprise?
6. Show how one book demands another
7. Name the nine periods of the Old Testament.
8. Tell of the four events in the Creation period.
9. Tell of the re-peopling of the earth,
10. Give the heads of the three races.
11. Name the four patriarchs and tell what you know about each.
12. Tell of the bondage and Exodus.
13. What three laws did God give at Sinai?
14. Tell of the tabernacle and priesthood.
15. Who led the conquest, and who succeeded him?
16. Who were the three kings of the United Kingdom?
17. Tell of Israel’s golden age.
18. Why the division and how were the tribes divided?
19. How many kings in Israel and who the prophets?
20. How much longer did Judah stand and who the prophets?
21. How long the captivity, where, and who the prophets?
22. Who built the temple and who the walls of Jerusalem?
23. Who the prophets of the restoration
24. Why should you keep the nine divisions clearly in mind?
25. What do the letters of both Testaments spell?
Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace, whose mind is stayed on thee: because he trusteth in thee. — Isaiah 26:3 KJV